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Prolotherapy: Repair Damaged Tendons

Prolotherapy: Repair Damaged Tendons

Tendons are the rope-like fibrous tissues that connect your muscles to your bones. Unlike ligaments, which connect bones and hold structures together, tendons serve to move bones as directed by muscles. 

With such an important and constant role to play, it’s no wonder that tendons often get injured. At any one time, tendinopathy — a general term for any tendon condition that causes pain or swelling — affects about 2%-5% of people. 

For many people with tendinopathy, rest or cessation of a certain activity — for instance, running — gives the tendon time to heal. But for others, tendon pain can be long-lasting and may persist despite other treatment options like physical therapy. For these people, prolotherapy, a type of joint injection, may help with their pain and stimulate healing. 

Are you dealing with soft tissue pain that won’t subside? If so, come in to see the team at Kai Sports Medicine in Little Silver, New Jersey. Dr. Zachary Perlman, a board certified internal medicine and primary care sports medicine specialist, is an expert on minimally invasive orthopedic procedures.

Here, he discusses the basics of prolotherapy, what it can treat, and what to expect when you make an injection appointment. 

What is prolotherapy? 

There are two types of prolotherapy, dextrose (sugar) and saline (salt). During treatment, your doctor injects a solution containing either substance directly into your sore tendon. The solution acts as a mild irritant, and your body naturally sends reparative cells to the site of the injection. 

The influx of these cells and other chemicals naturally jump-starts your body’s natural healing process, giving a boost to any slow natural healing that was already occurring. This should help to both repair the tendon and reduce your pain. 

What prolotherapy can treat 

Prolotherapy isn’t just for tendons. It can be used to treat muscles and ligaments as well. Certain conditions that prolotherapy can treat include: 

With certain chronic conditions, like arthritis, prolotherapy may provide an extended period of pain relief. 

What to expect with prolotherapy

Dr. Perlman reviews your medical records and symptoms before recommending a prolotherapy injection. He also performs a physical to make sure you're a good candidate for the therapy. 

The rest of the treatment should be similar to other injections you’ve had, like vaccines. You may experience some numbness followed by a burning sensation, but both are normal and shouldn’t be a cause for concern. 

Most patients need multiple prolotherapy appointments spaced about four weeks apart. The number of injections and improvements in pain are both dependent on the area and extent of the injury. Some patients experience a reduction in pain immediately, while others take longer. 

To learn more about prolotherapy and to find out if it could help with your tendon injury, call 732-369-9765 to book an appointment with Kai Sports Medicine. You can also request an appointment through this website.

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